Specifically, when talking about exams, retrieving memory can be supported. Memory retrieval is more successful if certain components are present, these components are known as ‘cues’. Thus, a retrieval cue is most effective when it matches the location and the way the information was first stored as a memory. So, if one were to learn words by heart in their bedroom and then try to retrieve them again later, the retrieval would be easier if that person was in their bedroom since the retrieval would be in the same environment as the memory when it was first stored. The same goes for exams.
It was found that Multiple Choice exams initiate more cues than open question exams. This makes sense since MC exams offer more impulses of remembering information in relation to the exam question, whereas, in open question exams only the question itself is offered and the effort of remembering relies solely on the person. Thus, the MC exam (the questions and multiple answer possibilities) offers an environment with more similarities of when one first stored their memory of the specific information for that test.
The struggle is real… keep calm and struggle on <3
Yours truly, B.o.B